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Spinal Tumor

Spinal Tumor

A spinal tumor is an abnormal mass of cells that grows within or around your spinal cord and/or spinal column.

The spine (backbone) is a long, flexible bone column that protects your spinal cord. It runs from the base of your skull to your tailbone, which is part of your pelvis.

The spinal cord is a cylindrical structure that runs through the centre of your spine, from your brainstem to your low back. It is made up of nerve bundles and cells that carry messages from your brain to the rest of your body as well as from your body to your brain.

Spinal tumors can be found in the following places:

  • Intramedullary means inside your spinal cord.
  • Intradural-extramedullary: in the tissues (meninges) that cover your spinal cord.
  • Extradural means between the meninges and the bones of your spine.
  • In your spine's bony vertebrae.

Spinal tumors are classified as either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). If the tumor grows, it can cause damage to various tissues in your spinal column.

Primary spinal tumours are tumors that begin in your spine or spinal cord.

Secondary spinal tumours are caused by cancer spreading from another part of your body to your spine. Primary spinal tumours are much less common than metastatic spinal tumors.

What are the various types of spinal tumours?

Spinal tumours are classified by doctors in a variety of ways, including:

  • Where the tumour is located on your spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, or sacrum).
  • Where the tumour is located within your spinal column (intradural-extramedullary, intramedullary, or extradural).
  • If the tumour began in your spine (primary spinal tumour) or is a result of metastasis from cancer in another part of your body (secondary spinal tumour).
  • If the tumour is benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Types of Spinal tumours

Your spinal column is a complex structure made up of various types of cells and tissues, there are various types of spinal tumors, some of which include:


This is a tumour of the spinal cord's supporting cells. There are several types of astrocytoma tumours, some of which are benign and others of which are malignant.

Chordomas are rare malignant tumours that develop in the spine and skull. They most commonly form at the base of your spine (sacrum) and at the base of your tailbone (coccyx).

Ependymoma is a tumour that forms in the lining of the spinal fluid passageways in the brain and spinal cord.

Glioblastoma is an aggressive malignant tumour that develops from astrocytes, which are cells that support nerve cells in your spinal cord and brain.

Hemangioblastoma is a tumour that develops from blood vessels in your central nervous system, which includes your brain and spinal cord.


A tumour of the tissue that covers your spinal cord and brain (meninges). A meningioma is usually harmless, but it can grow large enough to be fatal.

Neurofibroma is a benign tumour that grows on nerves throughout your body, including nerves in your spinal column. The majority of neurofibromas are caused by a genetic disorder.

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that can begin in the spine but is more commonly found in the thigh and shin bones.

Schwannoma is a tumour that develops in the cells that surround the nerve fibres in your spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, and cranial nerves. Schwannomas are frequently benign and rarely progress to cancer.

Spinal hemangioma:

A tumour that develops from the tissues of blood vessels within your spinal column. The most common primary spinal tumour is a benign spinal hemangioma.

Symptoms of spinal tumors:

Several factors influence the symptoms of spinal tumours, including:

  • The location of the tumour in and along your spinal column.
  • The size of the tumour.

What kind of tumour is it?

Some Spinal tumours do not cause symptoms because they are too small to press on and irritate nearby tissues. However, as a tumour grows, it can cause symptoms, particularly pain.

Spinal tumour discomfort

The most common symptom of both benign (noncancerous) and malignant (cancerous) spinal tumours is back pain. Because tumours are more likely to develop in those areas of your spine, pain from spinal tumours in your middle or lower back is more common.

A spinal tumour causes pain in the following ways:

The most common symptom of both benign (noncancerous) and malignant (cancerous) spinal tumours is back pain. Because tumours are more likely to develop in those areas of your spine, pain from spinal tumours in your middle or lower back is more common.

  • Isn't directly related to an injury, stress, or physical activity, but it can worsen with strain, such as exercise, sneezing, or coughing.
  • Is aching and profound.
  • Starts slowly and gradually builds up.
  • Is bothersome at night, sometimes to the point of waking you up.
  • Even when at rest, becomes intense and disruptive over time.
  • Conservative pain relief therapies and medications are ineffective.

Radicular pain, which is pain that radiates (spreads) from your spine to your hips, legs, feet, or arms, can also be caused by spinal tumours. Radicular pain is frequently sharp and shooting.

Other signs of a spinal tumor include:

  • Numbness, tingling, or sensation loss in your legs, arms, or chest.
  • You may experience muscle weakness in your legs, arms, or chest.
  • Muscle twitching or spasming.
  • Back or neck pain.
  • Incontinence of the bowel and/or bladder (bowel incontinence and urinary incontinence).
  • Difficulty walking, which may result in a fall.
  • Scoliosis or another type of spinal deformity caused by a large and/or destructive tumour.
  • Depending on which nerves the tumour is compressing, paralysis may occur to varying degrees and in different parts of your body.

Treatment of Spinal Tumor

The treatment of spinal tumors is highly individualized and is determined by the tumor's location, size, and type. The following are the goals of metastatic spinal tumor treatment:

  • Relieving your discomfort.
  • Maintaining or improving spinal nerve and spine function.
  • Improving your life's quality and length.
  • When possible, the goal of primary spinal tumor treatment is to remove the tumor completely if it is causing symptoms.

The CyberknifeS7 Robotic Radiosurgery system offered by the Valentis Cyberknife Center in Meerut Delhi NCR can treat tumors anywhere in the body non-invasively, and without spinal cancer surgery.

At Valentis CyberKnife Center, our cancer doctors are experts in treating spinal tumor cancer, as well as a wide variety of other types of cancer. No matter what you are facing, our cancer center team at Valentis CyberKnife Center will help you through every stage of your treatment.

Choose Cyberknife for Spine Cancer Treatment in Meerut, Delhi NCR.

There are several reasons why CyberknifeS7 is the preferred treatment option for people in Meerut, Delhi NCR who have spinal tumours.

  • Produces extremely precise, pinpoint radiation
  • There is no surgery, no needles, and no pain.
  • Minimal or no side effects
  • Only one to five sessions are required.
  • There are no body frames or implanted guidance markers.
  • No pain and no significant side effects
  • No anaesthesia or hospitalisation
  • Attacks tumours from almost any angle
  • Can be used to treat both cancerous and non-cancerous spine tumours.
  • Faster recovery time